Item 3: General Debate

Family Health Association of Iran

New Population Policy in the IRI

Mr. president,

The new population policy in the Islamic Republic of Iran took place on the basis of increase in the age of marriage, 1.8 percent reduction in the fertility rates and against an aging population.

For a while now the Family Planning Office of the Iranian Health Ministry has changed to the Reproductive health Office, and all family planning clinics in governmental centres to reproductive health clinics. This means that the government remains committed to the ICPD document and all education, counseling and responsible and aware decisions regarding family planning programmes in governmental reproductive health clinics continue on. It is reiterated that in the Islamic Republic of Iran, access to family planning services have not stopped, and the presentation of various modern contraceptives are fully available to the public in the private sector.

It must be said that one of the recent health successes in Iran is the health insurance for all, and due to state support and the payment of social support, each individual and couple can get and use any form of modern contraceptions in towns and villages.

We reassure that the government continues to provide various contraceptive tools for risk groups such as SWs, PLWHIV, drug addicts, the homeless, prisoners and etc.) for free.

For example, this Association which covers the Mikhak and Kaj centres for vulnerable women and youths, gets all modern and various contraceptions from MOHME for free, and provides them to all target groups for free.

Item 4: General Debate

Family Health Association of Iran

The effects of sanctions on the health of the people of Iran

Mr. President,

Health is one of the components of human rights. Sanctions are a political subject and unfortunately cause great challenges for the health of the people of Iran.

Unfortunately due to the sanctions we are witness to economic problems such as inflation and money transactions between Iranian and international banks have become problematic. Therefore we are witness to high prices and shortage of vital medicines for patients (cardiac, respiratory, HIV and etc.), particularly special care patients (diabetics, kidney, MS, cancer, Thalassemia, Hemophilia, Hepatitis).

Due to the sanctions we are witness to a rise in the cost of medical and rehabilitation equipment and their shortages. Due to the sanctions unfortunately Iranian NGOs cannot establish links with foreign organizations and donors, and benefit from their donations, consultative, financial and technical supports, and holding joint projects.

Since NGOs in Iran work on vulnerable groups, sadly the negative effects of sanctions not only affect the health of all individuals of society but they also have negative effects on the health of vulnerable groups.

We hope the day comes that every person in the world has access to health services, because health is the key factor in human rights.

Item 4: ID with SR on Iran

Family Health Association of Iran

Mr. President,

The effective approach to evaluation of human rights is a comprehensive one; an approach that not only covers all political, economic and cultural rights and the right to development among other rights, but also prioritizes these rights based on their importance and their extent of affecting people health.

On this basis in the report, a human right issue is discussed that only affects a small part of society, while another issue that affects the whole of a society is overlooked, then this report is not proportionate, professional or acceptable.

Mr. President,

For years now Iranian people are suffering from the negative effects of sanctions. This suffering has increased particularly with the imposition of unilateral sanctions by the Western countries. Unfortunately in his last three reports, Mr. Shaheed has not paid enough attention to the sanctions. In his present report he deals with issues such as sex change operations, but fails to mention the economic sanctions that affects the health of all the Iranian people. That shows the disproportionality of the report. Sanctions leave negative, destructive and long lasting effects on everyone's health and the enjoyment of every individual of society of their human rights. Therefore it is necessary that sanctions are dealt with in all reports of Dr. Shaheed.

Mr. President,

The Special Rapporteur claims he has asked the Iranian government for statistics and information regarding the effects of sanctions and that he has to-date not received accurate answers. We believe that if the Special Rapporteur is serious on the subject he still has access to information. When the threat of further sanctions exists, at least the Special Rapporteur can show his opposition to the threat. The threat of sanctions like the threat to war is a violation of human rights. And we believe the negative effects of the sanction on the health of all the Iranian citizens is an important human rights issue, which requires due attention of the Special Rapporteur.